City of Balkh
Balkh • Afghanistan • 347 m
Balkh is an ancient town located in the northern part of Afghanistan, about 20 kilometers northwest of the city of Mazar-i-Sharif. It sits on the ancient Silk Road trade route that connected China with the Mediterranean.
History: Balkh is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a history that dates back more than 5,000 years. It has been a center of trade, culture, and religion for centuries, and has been ruled by various empires and dynasties over the years, including the Greeks, Persians, Arabs, Mongols, and Timurids.
Landmarks: There are several landmarks in Balkh that are of historical and cultural significance. One of the most notable is the Blue Mosque, a stunning 15th-century mosque that is considered one of the finest examples of Timurid architecture in the world. Other landmarks include the ancient city walls, the Shrine of Hazrat Ali, and the tomb of the poet Rumi.
Culture: Balkh has a rich cultural heritage, and is known for its traditional crafts such as carpet weaving and embroidery. The town is also famous for its literature and poetry, and was the birthplace of several prominent poets and scholars, including Rumi, one of the most beloved poets in the world.
Overall, Balkh is a fascinating and culturally significant town with a long and storied history. Despite the challenges it has faced in recent years, it remains an important part of Afghanistan's cultural landscape.