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Basic information about Tajikistan

The territory that now constitutes Tajikistan was previously home to several ancient cultures, including the city of Sarazm of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including the Oxus civilization, Andronovo culture, Buddhism, Nestorian Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Manichaeism. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Achaemenid Empire, Hephthalite Empire, Samanid Empire, Mongol Empire, Timurid dynasty, and the Russian Empire. As a result of the break up of the Soviet Union Tajikistan became an independent nation in 1991. A civil war was fought almost immediately after independence that lasted from 1992 to 1997 however since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow. (Wikipedia)

Capital and largest city: Dushanbe (38°33′N 68°48′E)

Official languages: Tajik
Recognised regional languages: Russian

Ethnic groups:
79.9% Tajik
15.3% Uzbek
1.1% Russian
2.6% others

Religion: Islam

Independence from the Soviet Union: 1991

Area: 143,100 km2

Population: 8,208,000

Density: 48.6/km2

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