The 4th city of the country is the economic center of northern Afghanistan, some 60 km south of the Uzbek city Termez. It is known for its magnificent blue mosque and the tomb of Mohammed's cousin, and it is in his honor that the city is called "the tomb of the saint". The city is very old, but Balkh, the neighboring city, already existed in the Bronze Age.
Some of the historical sites in Mazar-i-Sharif include:
Blue Mosque: Also known as the Shrine of Hazrat Ali, this is the most famous historical site in Mazar-i-Sharif. It is a beautiful blue-tiled mosque that is considered to be one of the holiest shrines in Afghanistan.
Balkh ruins: The ancient city of Balkh is located just 24 km outside Mazar-i-Sharif and is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the world. The ruins of the city include the remains of ancient palaces, temples, and fortifications.
Hazrat-i-Baba Shrine: This is a Sufi shrine located on a hill just outside of Mazar-i-Sharif. It is a popular destination for pilgrims and visitors alike, offering beautiful views of the surrounding area.
Takht-i-Rustam: This is an ancient fortress located just south of Mazar-i-Sharif. It was built by Alexander the Great and is said to have been the site of his coronation as the King of Asia.
Qala-e-Murghab: This is a 19th-century fort located in the heart of Mazar-i-Sharif. It was built by the ruler of the city at the time to protect against invading forces.
The city is also home to numerous museums, bazaars, and other cultural attractions that offer a glimpse into the region's rich history and traditions.