Basic information about Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, a mountainous country in Central Asia, has a diverse landscape and a rich cultural heritage. With a population of approximately 7 million, it boasts a blend of ethnic groups and languages. The country’s economy is supported by agriculture, mining, and hydroelectric power.

Basic Statistics for Kyrgyzstan

Total Area199,951 sq km
Population (2023 est.)7,037,590
Population Density35.2 per sq km
Capital CityBishkek
Major LanguagesKyrgyz (official), Russian
GDP (PPP) 2022$37.72 billion
GDP Per Capita (PPP)$6,790
GDP (Nominal) 2022$9.23 billion
GDP Per Capita (Nominal)$1,307
Gini Coefficient (2018)27.3
Human Development Index (2022)0.697
CurrencyKyrgyzstani Som (KGS)
Time ZoneUTC +6
Driving SideRight
Calling Code+996
Life Expectancy71.6 years
Literacy Rate99.6%

Public Holidays in Kyrgyzstan

  • New Year’s Day: January 1
  • Orthodox Christmas: January 7
  • Defender of the Fatherland Day: February 23
  • International Women's Day: March 8
  • Nowruz: March 21
  • Labour Day: May 1
  • Victory Day: May 9
  • Constitution Day: May 5
  • Independence Day: August 31
  • Eid al-Fitr: Date varies (Islamic calendar)
  • Eid al-Adha: Date varies (Islamic calendar)


Kyrgyzstan is characterized by its mountainous terrain, with the Tien Shan range covering much of the country. It features diverse landscapes, including alpine lakes, fertile valleys, and semi-deserts. The country is landlocked, bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China.

Government and Political System

Kyrgyzstan is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The President serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Since its independence from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan has made significant strides in democratic governance.

Economy Overview

Kyrgyzstan’s economy relies heavily on agriculture, mining, and hydroelectric power. Key exports include gold, cotton, and livestock. The country is actively working on diversifying its economy and improving its infrastructure to attract foreign investment.

Health and Safety

Travelers are advised to have travel insurance and be aware of local healthcare facilities, which may be limited in remote areas. It is recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis A, typhoid, and other common diseases. Learn more about health and safety.


Kyrgyzstan boasts a well-educated population with a strong emphasis on primary and secondary education. Higher education institutions are growing, contributing to the country’s development.

Environmental Concerns

The country faces environmental challenges, including deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution. Efforts are underway to address these issues through various conservation projects.

Cultural Etiquette and Norms

Kyrgyz culture is deeply rooted in nomadic traditions. Respect for elders and hospitality are important values. When visiting, it is polite to remove shoes before entering homes and to dress modestly.


World Bank: Kyrgyz Republic Overview
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): Human Development Reports
CIA World Factbook: Kyrgyzstan
Worldometer: Kyrgyzstan Demographics

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