Jizak (or Jizzax / Jizzakh) is the administrative center of the Jizzakh region, a city of regional subordination of 180,000 inhabitants. A major transport hub, economic, scientific, educational and cultural center of the region. Located on the highway between Tashkent and Samarkand. It is also connected to these towns by a railway line. It is located on the northern foothills of the Nuratau Ridge, on the Sanzar River, in the southern part of the Mirzachul Steppe. It was founded in the 10th century, in an oasis rich in vegetation, as an important transit point on the Great Silk Road. The section of the Ustrushana trade route, passing through Jizzakh, was one of the most important on the entire stretch of the Silk Road.